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Key Components of an Electric Car
Breaking down the key parts that make up an electric car is essential to understanding how they run. These key components include:
An electric vehicle’s charge port allows the battery pack to receive energy from an external power source. These power sources are referred to as electric vehicle supply equipment (EVSE), more commonly known as a charging station.
Charging occurs when an EVSE is plugged into an EV’s charge port at a private residence or commercial charging station []. For example, an EVSE that utilizes a standard 240-volt outlet (similar to those used for household appliances) can charge an EV overnight. []
Electric vehicle inverters change the battery pack’s flow of electrons from a Direct Current (DC) into an Alternating Current (AC), which is then used to power the electric traction motor. Because lithium-ion batteries can only accept DC power — and because electric traction motors require AC power to function — inverters are necessary components for EVs. Inverters are also used to control the frequency of the AC power being sent to the motor, so they play a direct role in controlling an EV’s speed.
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